Formal structure of  "Martha My Dear":
Intro (v) 0:00-0:19
Verse 1 0:19-0:38
Middle 8 0:38-1:00
Solo (v) 1:20-1:40
Middle 8 1:40-2:03
Verse 2 2:03-2:22
Comments: The first middle 8 is extended by 20 extra seconds, but a listener does not realize it's an extension until the middle 8 is repeated without the extension later on in the song. This extension is also highlighted by the first use of percussion to that point in the track.
The macro structure of "Martha My Dear" is (roughly) palindromic. This follows  "I'll Be Back",  "Strawberry Fields Forever",  "When I'm Sixty-Four",  "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band",  "Good Morning Good Morning", and  "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", all of which also employed palindromic formal designs (and  "I've Just Seen a Face", and  "All You Need Is Love", which both employed inverse palindromic structures). I say "roughly" because the intro is somewhat lengthy (19 seconds) while it's palindromic counterpart, the coda, is quite brief (6 seconds); and because the first middle 8 is extended, which does not correlate to a strictly palindromic formal design because the second middle 8 is not similarly extended.
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This blog is a workshop for developing my analyses of The Beatles' music.